On May 24, 2005, in 4 Third Avenue Leasehold, LLC v. Permanent Mission of the United Arab Emirates, 133 Fed.Appx. 768, 2005 U.S. App. LEXIS 9494 (2nd Cir. 2005), the U.S. Court of Appeals rendered an important decision which validated the enforcement of liquidated damages clauses in private contracts. Kucker Marino Winiarsky & Bittens, LLP was victorious in convincing the Second Circuit to overturn the district court’s incorrect ruling which had failed to enforce the liquidated damages clause in a commercial lease agreement. The appellate court ruled this liquidated damages provision was not an unenforceable penalty and had not been waived.